A trailer is typically a heavy truck towed by a powered vehicle and it is mainly used in the transportation of goods and materials, in ancient time, many such vehicles were towable trailers. Some trailers are made for personal (or small business) use with nearly any powered vehicle having a suitable hitch, but some trailers are part of large trucks called semi-trailer trucks for transportation of cargo.
There are various types of Trailer truck models such as ELF Truck Trailer, Canter Trailer, Big Thumb Trailer and P-Series Trailer etc.
Types of Trailer
Semi-Trailer: A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle. A large proportion of its weight is supported either by a road tractor or by a detachable front axle assembly known as a dolly. A semi-trailer is normally equipped with legs, called "landing gear", which can be lowered to support it when it is uncoupled. In the United States, a single trailer cannot exceed a length of 57 ft 0 in (17.37 m) on interstate highways (unless a special permit is granted), although it is possible to link two smaller trailers together to a maximum length of 63 ft 0 in (19.20 m). Semi-trailers vary broadly in design, ranging from open-topped grain hauliers through taut liners to normal-looking but refrigerated 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m) x 53 ft 0 in (16.15 m) enclosures ("reefers"). Many semi-trailers are part of semi-trailer trucks. Other types of semi-trailers include dry vans, flatbeds and chassis.
Full-Trailer: A full trailer is a term used in the United States for a freight trailer supported by front and rear axles and pulled by a drawbar. In Europe, this is known as an A-frame drawbar trailer. A full trailer is 96 or 102 in (2.4 or 2.6 m) wide and 35 or 40 ft (11 or 12 m) long.
Close-Coupled Trailer: A close-coupled trailer is fitted with a rigid tow bar which projects from its front and hooks onto a hook on the tractor. It does not pivot as a drawbar does.
Japanese Trailer Truck: There are some types of trailer truck used in Japan, which play important role in transportation and construction. The Japanese trailer trucks are ELF Truck, Canter Trailer, Big thumb Trailer and P-Series trailer.
P-Series Trailer Truck: The P-Series (Petroleum Series) folding gooseneck trailers are manufactured for transport skid mounted loads which mainly serve the Energy (Oilfield) industry and are suitable for both on road and off road applications. The configurations vary from payloads of 40 tonnes by 70-tonne capacities, with axle configurations ranging from 8 through 13 axles. The P-Series trailers have common air/regulated air suspensions with transporter rationalisation achieved by combinations of jeeps & boosters with common air/regulated air suspensions. In general Aspen, configurations include 3, 4 and 5 axle configurations with both tail rolls and flip over tail rolls.
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