A minibus is a multi-purpose passenger vehicle or minivan used to carry people, and it is also called microbes, or mini coach bus, A Minibuses have a seating capacity of between 8 and 30 seats. Larger minibuses may be called midi buses. Minibuses are in generally front-engined step-entrance motor vehicles, even the low floor minibuses do exist.
Types: By the size, microbuses are minibuses shorter than 8 meters (26 ft 3 in) long. Midibuses are minibuses larger than microbuses but smaller than plenty buses (Larger buses). There are many different types and configurations of minibuses, due to historical and local differences, and usage. Minibus designs can be classified into three main groups, with a general increase in seating capacity with each type
Usage: Minibuses are used for a variety of reasons. In a public transport role, they can be used as fixed route transit buses, airport buses, flexible demand responsive transport vehicles, share taxis or large taxicabs. The common minibuses can also be used for paratransit type services, by the local system, transit operators, hospitals or charities. Private uses of minibuses can comprise corporate transport, charter buses, and tour buses. Schools, sports clubs, group of people and charities may also utilise minibuses for private transport. Individual owners may use reduced seating minibuses as cheap fun vehicles.
Van conversions: The most basic source of the minibus is the van modification, where the minibus is taken by modifying an existing van designs, Conversions may be created completely by the van manufacturer, sold as part of their standard model lineup. The Van conversions included adding windows to the bodywork, and seating to the cargo area. Van conversion minibuses, in reality, look the same shape as the parent van, and the driver and front passenger cabin remain unchanged, retaining the driver and passenger doors. For public transport use, this door may be an automatic concertina type. For additional uses, this may be a simple plug style coach door, a van conversion with a passenger area in the front and a storage area in the back, behind a fixed bulkhead, is called a splitter bus.
There are some examples of vans used for these conversion minibuses are
Purpose to built: A next generation outlook to the van-derived or cutaway chassis approach is for producers to establish an integral design, where the complete vehicle is consciously designed and built for use as a minibus. This is usually completed by an integral bus manufacturer, although large automotive groups also built their own models. These designs are often available in long high capacity versions and may attract different titles, such as midi bus, or light bus.
There are some Examples of manufactured minibuses are
There is popular bus maker in Japan they are as Toyota, Nissan, Mitsubishi, Isuzu and Hino.
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