A dump truck is a truck used for transporting loose material such as sand, gravel, or demolition waste for construction. A typical dump truck also called as a dumper/tipper truck in the UK). It is equipped with an open-box bed, which is hinged at the rear and prepared with hydraulic pistons to lift the front, assent to the material in the bed to be deposited ("dumped") on the ground behind the truck at the site of delivery.
History: The dump truck is considered to have been first conceived in the farms of late 19th century Western Europe. Thornycroft established a steam dust-cart since 1896 with a tipper mechanism. The Hydraulic dump beds were announced by Wood Hoist Co. The first known Canadian dump truck was created in Saint John, New Brunswick when Robert T. Mawhinney combined with a dump box to a flat body truck since 1920. The lifting device was a sheave attached to a cable that fed over sheave (pulley) mounted on a mast behind the cab.
Standard Dump Truck: A standard dump truck is a truck chassis with a dump body mounted to the frame, the European Union heavy trucks often have two steering axles. Dump truck configurations are 2, 3 and 4 axles and 4-axle 8-wheel has two steering axles at the front and two powered axles at the rear and is limited to 32 metric tonnes (35 short tonnes; 31 long tonnes). The largest of the standard European dump trucks is commonly called a "centipede" and has seven axles.
Semi-Trailer & Dump Truck: A semi end dump is a tractor-trailer mixture wherein the trailer it contains the hydraulic hoist. In the US a typical semi end dump has a 3-axle tractor pulling a 2-axle trailer with dual tires, in the EU trailers often have 3 axles and single tires.
Transfer Dump Truck: A transfer dump is a standard dump truck pulling a separate trailer with a movable cargo container, which can also be loaded with construction totally-gravel, sand, asphalt, clinkers, snow, wood chips, triple mix, etc. Transfer dump trucks naturally haul between 26 and 27 short tonnes (23.6 and 24.5 t; 23.2 and 24.1 long tonnes) of aggregate per load, each truck is able to 3-5 loads per day, generally speaking.
Super Dump Truck: A Super dump is a directly dump truck outfitted with a trailing axle, a liftable, load-bearing axle rated as high as 13,000 pounds (5,897 kg). Trailing is 11 to 13 feet (3.35 to 3.96 m) behind the rear tandem.
Semi-Trailer Bottom Dump Truck: A semi bottom dump or belly dump is a 3-axle tractor pulling a 2-axle trailer with a clam shell type dump gate in the belly of the trailer. The key advantage of a semi bottom dump is its skill to lay material in a windrow, a linear heap.
Double & Triple Trailer Bottom Dump Truck: The double and triple bottom dumps consist of a 2-axle tractor formation with one single-axle semi-trailer and another full trailer. The maximum weight limit is 40 short tonnes (36.3 t; 35.7 long tonnes) throughout the country.
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